I was thinking of writing an article about quiet eye, but now I don’t have to! Read this to find out what Quiet Eye is, and what its implications may be for hockey players.
The quiet eye (QE) is a term first proposed by Professor Joan Vickers of Calgary University. It refers a gaze behaviour observed immediately prior to movement in aiming tasks. An example of this is during a basketball free-throw: when a skilled individual prepares for their shot, they generally pause with their eyes steady on the target before initiating the movement of the shot. The final pause where their gaze remains steady on a single location before the movement is defined as the QE in this task. Vickers defines the quiet eye as ‘the final fixation on a location that is within 3ᵒ of visual angle for a minimum of 100ms’ (Vickers, 1996). Similar gaze behaviour is seen in a number of other aiming based tasks such as archery, darts, golf, football, ice hockey, shooting, snooker table tennis, tennis, and a number of other sports.
Theories as to why…
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